Intelligent Privacy for Smart Cities

Join us at the upcoming Portland Tech Jam ’19 where we’ll present our forthcoming paper that addresses Smart Cities privacy and innovation challenges with pragmatic policy-informed technology solutions:  Look for the full article in the ACM Conference Proceedings (Isaac Potoczy-Jones, Erin Kenneally, John Ruffing, “Encrypted Dataset Collaboration- Intelligent Privacy for Smart Cities, SCC’19, September 2019, Portland, Oregon USA).  In summary:

The past year has seen increasing scrutiny of Smart Cities efforts with regard to privacy. Privacy advocates have criticized Smart City data collection on the whole and critiqued specific city efforts that they feel have crossed a line.

Cities are struggling with a number of privacy issues, including how to address third parties’ collection of Smart City data, how cities consume personally identifying information from third-parties, and how public records laws intersect with privacy concerns.

The majority of data that cities collect are subject to disclosure under public record laws, with an attendant obligation to anonymize sensitive private information. However, as the amount and availability of data increases, the ability to cross-reference, correlate, and de-anonymize or re-sensitize datasets also increases. This leads to re-identification attacks that infringe the privacy of individuals in those datasets, and fosters mistrust in city governments and technology vendors. A fundamental challenge is that open data and privacy interact in complex and unpredictable ways. Some cities may choose to allow third parties to collect and manage that data in an effort to encourage innovation in the delivery of city services, while simultaneously wrestling with the legal and policy implications, such as privacy and public records law compliance. Unfortunately, this also may have undesirable privacy outcomes depending on a third-party’s use of that data and the city’s role in encouraging its collection.

In this paper, we will discuss concrete approaches to smart cities data privacy governance including collection and management, and specifically, an innovative pilot project supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Science & Technology Directorate aimed at demonstrating how privacy technology can help harmonize data sensitivity risks with intended benefits.

Data Exchanges

Should Data Exchanges be based on free or open data? As many of you may know, Open is different from Free. Open software, for example, refers to reading software source code. Free software allows you to use the software for free.  Data can be Open or Free, or both.

We discuss the cost of providing Free data in a world where more and more data is being produced. New business models are evolving for Open Data that encourage use, innovation, and business model development and preserve the rights of innovators and data users as well as those who provide the data.

Smart Data Exchange Will Enhance Smart Cities – DZone IoT

When it comes to smart city innovation, it’s arguable that most use cases are not that exciting to the average resident. A connected garbage bin, traffic light or parking meter is not going to cause applause and adoration for city officials at least in the first instance.

Project Open Data: Example Guidance / Licenses

Open Licenses – Project Open Data

Open Data Policy – Managing Information as an Asset

The Federal Open Data Policy states: “Agencies must apply open licenses, in consultation with the best practices found in Project Open Data, to information as it is collected or created so that if data are made public there are no restrictions on copying, publishing, distributing, transmitting, adapting, or otherwise using the information for non-commercial or for commercial purposes.””

 

Parking Policy is Hot

Suddenly, Everyone Wants to Talk About Parking

What’s the most emotional topic in transportation? According to Donald Shoup, it’s parking. “Thinking about parking seems to take place in the reptilian cortex, the most primitive part of the brain responsible for making snap judgments about flight-or-flight issues, such as how to avoid being eaten,” Shoup writes in the introduction to his new book, Parking and the City (Planner’s Press, Routledge, 2018).

“A City Is Not a Computer” from placesjournal.org

By Shannon Mattern.

“This seems an obvious truth, but we need to say it loud and clear. Urban intelligence is more than information processing.”

A City Is Not a Computer

“What should a city optimize for?” Even in the age of peak Silicon Valley, that’s a hard question to take seriously. (Hecklers on Twitter had a few ideas, like “fish tacos” and “pez dispensers.”) Look past the sarcasm, though, and you’ll find an ideology on the rise.

Innovation and Investment in Startups: Innovators Needed

Today’s investment and innovation environment in the US is not producing business startups. The US is in a 13 year slump. Tap into Innovation at the GCTC Expo this year in July and network with some of the most inspired people.

U.S. startups are in a surprising 13-year slump

The decline has stripped the economy of one of its most vibrant engines of wage and productivity growth.

 

Smart Cities India Expo Wrap Up

The 5th Smart Cities India Expo attracts large participation, ends on a high note

Read more about The 5th Smart Cities India Expo attracts large participation, ends on a high note on Business Standard. The three-day 5th Smart Cities India expo was a congregation of innovators and imaginators, academia, policymakers and city administrators, government representatives, business delegates, multinationals, etc.

Cornel Looks for Answers for Demand Response

Energy Grid response from solar and other utility scale renewables is a problem identified in a recent Cornell University Paper.

The new paper, “Strategic Planning for Utility-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Development – Historical Peak Events Revisited,” was published May 15, 2019

Winter could pose solar farm ‘ramping’ snag for power grid | Cornell Chronicle

By adding utility-scale solar farms throughout New York state, summer electricity demand from conventional sources could be reduced by up to 9.6% in some places. But Cornell engineers caution that upstate winters tell a different tale.